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Under the sea: Antiquities make way for Israel's Leviathan pipeline

The pipeline from the deep-sea Leviathan gas field that is due to begin production late next year comes ashore near Dor Beach in northern Israel.

Once a key trade hub

Underwater archaeologists have been scouring the seabed where a gas pipeline is being built off Israel's coast in a bid to preserve relics near a 5,000-year-old port which once was a key trade hub for the Mediterranean's ancient civilisations.

The pipeline from the deep-sea Leviathan gas field that is due to begin production late next year comes ashore near Dor Beach in northern Israel, a popular spot among Israeli sunbathers.

Phoenicians to the Romans

It is also the site of the ancient port of Dor, where hidden in the seabed lie the vestiges of marine traders throughout the ages - from the Phoenicians to the Romans.

To minimise damage to such relics, the Israel Antiquities Authority has been working over the past year with the Leviathan field's operator, Texas-based Noble Energy.

Weeks-long search

A team spent weeks scuba diving in the warm crystal clear water off the beach, dispersing silt to uncover ancient artefacts. A remote-operated robot was used for searches in deeper water.

They found earthenware jugs, anchors and the remains of wrecked ships, setting new guidelines for similar future projects.

Protecting the antiquities

"There has been unprecedented cooperation to protect the antiquities and the cultural assets," Yaakov Sharvit, director of the Marine Archaeology Unit of the Israel Antiquities Authority, told Reuters TV.

Sharvit said Noble financed most of the archaeological surveys and a large research ship to help extract ancient objects along the pipeline's route.

Largest energy project ever

The pipeline is being buried 15-20 meters below the seabed to minimise any impact on the surroundings.

Leviathan was discovered in 2010 about 120 km (75 miles) off Israel's coast. Its development will be the largest energy project in Israel's history.

No harm to environment

The project will not harm the environment and will replace less healthy fossil fuels.

But some local environmentalists and residents oppose the plan, which along with the pipeline includes a towering production platform to be built just 10 km from shore.

Kurt Raveh

Local resident and marine archaeologist Kurt Raveh, who has been excavating at Dor for decades and founded its diving club, thinks the survey being done is insufficient. He worries the area is at risk from potential pipeline leaks.

"We have so many treasures and old shipwrecks and things like that, we should get them out of the water before we can't enter the water anymore," he said.